What is breast reduction surgery?
While some women feel more confident with larger breasts, some women prefer not having larger breasts. Excessively large breasts can be a source of embarrassment and discomfort. In addition to being aesthetically unappealing, they can also cause physical distress like chronic neck and shoulder pain. Breast reduction surgery, also known as reduction mammoplasty, is a cosmetic procedure that gets rid of the excess fats, skin, and tissues from the breasts to reduce their size and make them smaller in appearance.
If you have larger breasts that are causing constant pain and discomfort, you might want to undergo this procedure to make the size of the breasts more balanced and proportionate compared to the rest of the body.
It is a major surgical procedure that needs to be conducted under a board-certified Plastic surgeon with years of experience. Prior to the procedure, the plastic surgeon has a detailed consultation with the patient. Careful pre-operative planning involves a discussion about the incisions planned
Why is Breast Reduction Surgery Done?
Breast Reduction Surgery is done in women who are dissatisfied with the appearance of larger breasts that are constantly hindering their day to day life. If you are experiencing the following issues physically, you might want to consider getting the breast reduction surgery done by one of the top breast reduction surgeons.
- If you are experiencing chronic back pain and spinal discomfort
- If you are experiencing the appearance of chronic rashes and irritation under the breasts
- Asymmetrical breasts is a condition where one breast is significantly larger than the other one.
- If your breasts are becoming saggy
- If you are experiencing restrictions on your daily activities
- If you are having self-image issues because of your larger breasts
What to expect before and after Breast Reduction surgery?
Breast reduction surgery is a major surgical procedure that requires a lot of planning before going through with it. The expectations from the surgery vary before and after it is done. The procedure requires admission to the hospital for 1 -2 day.
Before the surgery, the surgeon usually sits down with the patient to highlight everything about the procedure, the kind of implied risks, and the after-care and recovery timeline after the surgery. The Dr Shalu Punj will also likely discuss the incision and the expectations of the patient.
This is a crucial part of the procedure that involves several factors that the patient should be aware of. The procedure is typically done under general anaesthesia.
PROCEDURE AND TYPES OF BREAST REDUCTION
Depending on the extent of reduction required, various techniques have been designed for reducing the breast size.
- Liposuction: This involves reducing the fatty component of the breast without excision of glandular tissue. It can provide a small amount of reduction only and is suited to older patients with mainly fatty tissue, however, it avoids any major incisions and ensures quick healing in the post-op period.
- “Donut”or circumareolar Breast Reduction: This is a very popular technique in patients who have mild breast enlargement. It involves an incision around the areola only. The scar is hidden in the brown skin and settles very well over a period of time.
- Vertical or “Lollipop ” Breast reduction: This is suited to patients with mild to moderately large breasts. It involves an incision around the areolae running down t to the center to the breast, it produces a single vertical scar
- Inverted ‘T’ or wise pattern: This is one of the most common and powerfull techniques of breast reduction suitable for all candidates with grade 4 enlargement. It involves a vertical scar running from the areolae to the breast areas. It allows the surgeon greater control of the breast shape and proportion.
The excess breast fats, tissues, and skins are removed till the ideal and proportionate size of the breast is attained. The plastic surgeon ensure that the correct and symmetrical appearance of the areola and nipples is achieved
After the successful completion of the surgery, the patient is usually left under observation till their anaesthesia wears off. The breasts are covered in gauge to keep the incision covered to prevent infection. Generally, a tube is inserted in the breast to drain out any excess fluid or blood to reduce the risks of hematoma or seroma, which is common after such surgeries. The patients are given pain relievers or other medications for inflammation and infections
Breast reduction is quite a tedious procedure and requires optimal care as well as rest for faster recovery and healing. Following the surgery, the patients might experience soreness and pain around their breast and the upper abdomen region. Generally, the patients can take up to 3-4 weeks to recover completely. It could be more depending on how well the patient deals with the procedure.
- The patient is recommended to wear a supportive bra day and night.
- It is advised that the patient sleeps in an upright position for at least a few weeks after the surgical procedure.
- Lifting heavy stuff, weight training and gyming is prohibited so as to not put any force or hurt the surgical areas.
- Driving should be avoided for a couple of weeks.
- A healthy diet should be added to your routine; consumption of protein and required vitamins and minerals are vital to facilitate wound healing.
- Smoking and consumption of alcohol are not advisable as it, may cause healing problems.
BENEFITS OF BREAST REDUCTION
Women undergo breast reduction surgery for multiple benefits. Some of them include:
- It helps the breasts regain better symmetry with the rest of the body
- It alleviates physical discomfort that women with larger breasts face
- It improves self-image issues in women
- It relieves the complaints of chronic pain in the back, neck, and shoulders
- It enhances the ease of work in the day to day physical activities
RISKS INVOLVED IN BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY
If done from a reputable hospital or clinic and under the guidance of a skilled and experienced plastic surgeon, the risks of breast reduction surgery are temporary and minimal. Some of them include:
- Mild infection at the site of incision
- Temporary numbness around the breasts and nipples
- Scarring at the site of incision
- Anaesthesia risks
- Irregularities in the breast shape and size
- Delayed healing of the incision
- Cost of Breast Reduction Surgery
The total breast reduction surgery cost in Noida, Delhi and the rest of India depends on several factors. It is dependent on the hospital, the plastic surgeon charges, and the severity of changes that one needs. It also depends on whether you want to undergo the procedure in one breast or both breasts.
The cost generally starts from INR 90,000 and can go up to as much as INR 2,50,000.